Weights and Measures

Weights
Unit Weight Equivalents
Talent about 75 pounds (34 kilograms) for a common talent, and about 150 pounds for a royal talent 60 minas; 3000 shekels
Mina about 1.25 pounds (0.6 kilogram) 50 shekels
Shekel about .4 ounce (11.4 grams) for a common shekel 2 bekas; 20 gerahs
Pim 1/3 ounce (7.6 grams) 2/3 shekel
Beka .2 ounce (5.7 grams) 1/2 shekel; 10 gerahs
Gerah .02-ounce (.57 grams) 1/20 shekel
Litra 12 ounces

Measures of Length
Unit Weight Equivalents
Day’s journey about 20 miles
Roman mile 4,854 feet 8 stadia
Sabbath day’s journey 3,637 feet 6 stadia
Stadion 606 feet 1/8 Roman mile
Rod 9 feet (10.5 feet in Ezekiel) 3 paces; 6 cubits
Fathom 6 feet 4 cubits
Pace 3 feet 1/3 rod; 2 cubits
Cubit 18 inches (0.5 meter) 1/2 pace; 2 spans
Span 9 inches (23 centimeters) 1/2 cubit; 3 handbreadths
Handbreadth 3 inches (8 centimeters) 1/3 span; 4 fingers
Finger .75 inches 1/4 handbreadth

Dry Measures
Unit Weight Equivalents
Homer 6.52 bushels (220 liters) 10 ephahs
Kor (cor) 6.52 bushels (220 liters) 1 homer; 10 ephahs
Lethech 3.26 bushels (110 liters) 1/2 kor; 5 ephahs
Ephah .65 bushel, 20.8 quarts (22 liters) 1/10 homer
Modius 7.68 quarts
Seah 7 quarts (7.3 liters) 1/3 ephah
Omer 2.08 quarts (2 liters) 1/10 ephah; 1 4/5 kab
Kab (cab) 1.16 quarts (1 liter) 4 logs
Choenix 1 quart
Xestes 1 1/16 pints
Log .58 pint 1/4 kab

Liquid Measures
Unit Weight Equivalents
Kor (Cor) 60 gallons 10 baths
Metretes 10.2 gallons
Bath 6 gallons (22 liters) 6 hins
Hin 1 gallon (4 liters) 2 kabs
Kab 2 quarts 4 logs
Log 1 pint (0.3 liter) 1/4 kab