Zechariah Introduction

The Prophet Zechariah wrote the book of Zechariah.

Z’kharyah (Zechariah) means “Yahweh remembers”.

Zechariah was also a priest.

Nehemiah 12:12-16 And in the days of Joiakim were priests, the chief of the fathers: of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah; Of Ezra, Meshullam; of Amariah, Jehohanan; Of Melicu, Jonathan; of Shebaniah, Joseph; Of Harim, Adna; of Meraioth, Helkai; Of Iddo, Zechariah; of Ginnethon, Meshullam;

The Jewish Targum states that Zechariah was slain in the sanctuary and that he was both prophet and priest.

Yeshua mentioned him in:

Matthew 23:35 That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zechariah son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.

The book starts in the year 520 B.C.E (BC) this was the second year of Darius.

He was a contemporary of Haggai and began his prophesying 2 months after Haggai.

Zechariah was Levite born in Babylon and joined his grandfather, Iddo, in the group of exiles who first returned to Jerusalem under the leadership of Zerubbabel and Joshua the High priest.

In 538 BCE, Cyrus the Persian freed the captives from Israel to resettle their homeland and about 50,000 returned from Babylon. The people immediately began to rebuild the temple. Opposition from neighbors, followed by indifference from within, caused the work to be abandoned.

Sixteen years later Zechariah and Haggai were sent by the L-rd to stir up the people to rebuild the temple.

The temple was completed 4 years later in 516 B.C.

Zechariah sought to encourage the people to build the temple in view of the promise that someday Messiah would come to inhabit it.

The book has 3 major sections. In each section the prophet begins historically and then moves forward to the time of the Second Coming, when Messiah returns to His temple to set up His earthly kingdom.

This book is the most Messianic, apocalyptic, and eschatological book in the Tanakh.